Promethazine
DESCRIPTION

This medication is consumed to prevent nausea and vomiting that occurs as a result of motion sickness and other reasons. This medication is also referred to as Phenergan.

How it works

Promethazine is an antihistamine and therefore works by blocking the histamines in the body, which are made when you experience allergic reactions. Apart from this, the medication can also directly affect certain parts of the brain.

Uses

Promethazine is mainly used to treat nausea and vomiting that occurs as a result of motion sickness. It is also useful in treating certain allergy symptoms such as runny nose, rashes and itching. It is given to individuals before and after surgeries to relax and sleep better. It also enables narcotic pain relievers to perform better. Moreover, this medication is useful in treating cough and cold symptoms as well.

Dosage

This drug is usually taken 2-4 times a day, by mouth, with or without food. If you are taking this medication for motion sickness, make sure to take the drug at least 30 minutes before you begin to travel. If you are taking this medication for allergies, it is more than sufficient for you to take it once before bedtime. This way, you can avoid being drowsy during the day time.

If you are using the liquid form of this medication, make sure to measure the dose carefully. You must not use a regular spoon since it can lead to the incorrect dose. Therefore, look for a proper medical measuring spoon.

The dosage will be based on your age, medical condition and response to the treatment. Among children, the dose will be based on weight. When taking this medication, follow the prescription carefully.

Side effects

During the course of the treatment, you are likely to experience some common side effects such as:

Dizziness
Drowsiness
Constipation
Blurred vision
Dry mouth

In certain cases, it is also possible for you to experience more severe side effects such as:

Fainting
Slow heartbeat
Mood changes
Uncontrolled movements
Shaking
Difficulty urinating
Severe stomach pain

If you do experience such side effects, make sure to call your physician immediately. If these symptoms are not reversed soon, they can deteriorate into worse states.

Precautions

The following precautionary methods must be followed on a strict basis in order to avoid the occurrence of potential side effects.

Do not consume this medication if you are allergic to any of its properties.
Brief your physician about all the medications that you are currently taking. This includes over-the-counter medications, herbal medications and supplements.
This medication can cause you dizziness, drowsiness and blurred vision. Therefore, do not drive or operate machinery after consuming your dose.
This medication can make you sensitive to the sun. So, avoid prolonged sun exposure and tanning booths.

Self-care

Even though it is safe to use this medication during the period of pregnancy, you must only consume this medication when it is absolutely necessary. Do not overuse this medication when you are pregnant.

It is not known whether this drug is passed from the mother to child through breast milk. However, you need to know that the drug can have undesirable effects on your infant.

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