Hydrochlorothiazide
DESCRIPTION

This drug is used commonly among individuals with high blood pressure. This medication is also referred to as Microzide.

How it works

Since this medication is a water pill, it works by reducing the unnecessary water and salt in the body. This drug increases your need to urinate and thereby alleviates the extra fluids in the body.

Uses

The main use of this drug is its ability to treat high blood pressure. Reducing this condition can help you to avoid strokes, heart attacks and kidney problems. This medication also gets rid of the edema in the system. This can reduce various symptoms such as swelling and shortness of breath.

Dosage

The dosage will be based on your medication condition and treatment response. Therefore, do not try to calculate this on your own. It must only be handled by a medical professional. In order to experience the best effects of this medication, take it as regularly as possible. Do not stop taking this drug, even if you feel better. Remember that blood pressure does not have many symptoms. Therefore, it is important to continue the treatment until your physician asks you to stop.

When taking this medication in the night, make sure to take it 4 hours before you go to bed. This way, you will be able to sleep without any interruption. If your condition fails to improve or worsens during the treatment period, immediately contact your healthcare provider.

Side effects

During the course of the treatment, you are likely to experience some undesirable side effects. These may include:

Upset stomach
Dizziness
Headaches

These symptoms usually occur when your body starts to adjust to the medication. It is also possible for you to experience more complicated side effects such as blurred vision and eye pain. If you experience such serious effects, you need to get immediate medical help. Do not hesitate to contact your healthcare provider.

Precautions

The precautionary instructions listed below must be followed at all costs to ensure your personal safety during the treatment period.

If you are allergic to any of the ingredients of the medication, inform your healthcare provider well ahead.
Inform your physician if you have previously suffered from liver disease, kidney disease or diabetes.
Side effects such as diarrhea and sweating can reduce the water content in the body. To avoid possible dehydration, make sure to drink plenty of water on a daily basis.
Consuming this drug can make you feel dizzy. Thus, it is best not to drive or operate machinery after taking your dose.
If you are suffering from diabetes, this medication can impact your blood sugar levels. Therefore, take regular tests to stay inform about your blood sugar level.
This drug can make you extra-sensitive to the sun. So, make sure to avoid prolonged sun exposure during the day time.

Self-care

If you are pregnant or planning on becoming pregnant, only use this medication when it is absolutely necessary. It is best to visit a physician and discuss the risks and benefits of using this medication well ahead.

Although this drug can be passed on from mother to child, it is unlikely to harm an infant. Therefore, you can continue your treatment even when you are breastfeeding your child.

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