Lisinopril
DESCRIPTION

This drug is a type of ACE inhibitor. It is used treat high blood pressure among children and adults. This medication is also known as Prinivil.

How it works

ACE stands for Angiotensin Converting Enzyme. Lisinopril works by reducing the level of this undesirable enzyme in the body.

Uses

The primary use of this medication is its ability to treat high blood pressure in adults and children (those under the age of six). The drug is also used to treat congestive heart failure in adults. It is useful in improving the chances of survival after a heart attack as well.

Dosage

This medication must be taken on a daily basis with or without food. Your dosage will be determined by your physician according to your personal health status. Do not attempt to increase the dosage in order to enhance the effectiveness of the medication. This will only make matters worse.

It is also possible for you to take this medication in liquid form. In this case, make sure to use a proper measuring spoon to measure the doses.

If you use a regular spoon, it can lead to the wrong doses. This can affect the effectiveness of the treatment.

When using this medication for high blood pressure, remember to take even if you feel well. In most cases, high blood pressure has no symptoms.

Therefore, you need to continue the treatment until your physician tells you otherwise.

Side effects

Although this medication reduces high blood pressure to a successful extent, it can still lead to some undesirable effects. This includes:

Lightheaded feeling
Little or no urination
Sore throat
High potassium levels
Kidney problems
Liver problems
Headache
Cough
Chest pain

Some of these symptoms will only last a day or two. However, some can persist for a longer while. In that case, make sure to inform your physician as soon as possible.

Precautions

It is absolutely essential for you to follow the necessary precautionary instructions to ensure your own health during the treatment period. The following are some such instructions you need to follow.

Inform your healthcare provider if you have a history of liver disease, kidney problems or diabetes.
Do not consume this medication if you are already taking other medications that consume aliskiren.
Drink plenty of water daily to reduce the risk of dehydration.
Check your blood pressure on a regular basis.
Avoid alcohol consumption since it can lower your blood pressure to an unsafe level.
Do not exercise in outdoor environments during the day time since it can increase the risk of dehydration.
Do not get up from a sitting or lying position suddenly. This can worsen your dizziness and might influence you to trip and fall.
Make sure to take potassium supplements and salt substitutes when taking this medication.

Self-care

If you become pregnant during the course of the treatment or planning on becoming pregnant in the near future, stop taking this medication immediately. This drug can affect your unborn child negatively.

It is not known whether this medication can be passed to an infant via breast milk. Regardless, it is best to avoid this medication at any case.

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