Amitriptyline
DESCRIPTION

This drug is used to treatment mental disorders such as depression. It is useful in treating certain other mood problems as well.

How it works

Amitriptyline belongs to a group of drugs known as tricyclic antidepressants. These antidepressants work by restoring the balance among chemicals in the brain. This drug is useful in restoring the serotonin imbalance in the brain – which is a primary cause of depression.

Uses

The main use of this medication is its ability to treat depression. It improves your feelings of well-being and mood to a significant degree. This medication also relieves your anxiety and tension. It helps you to sleep better and also increases your energy level. Apart from treating mood problems, amitriptyline is also used to treat nerve pain and eating disorders. It is also useful in preventing migraine headaches.

Dosage

Amitriptyline is taken on a daily basis, by mouth. This drug is consumed 1-4 times a day. The dosage might vary according to the uniqueness of your condition and response to the treatment. If you are only consuming this drug once a day, it is best to take it at night to prevent day time sleepiness.

To reduce potential side effects such as drowsiness and dry mouth, your physician might ask you to take this drug in a low dosage at the beginning of the treatment. So, follow the prescription given by your physician carefully.

You must not increase the dosage without informing your physician. Taking more of this medication will not increase the effectiveness of the treatment. Moreover, doing so can make you more susceptible to the side effects.

This medication may not work right away. It can take up to four weeks for you to experience the full benefits of amitriptyline. But if your condition persists or worsens after this period, inform your physician immediately.

Side effects

During the course of the treatment, you are likely to experience a number of undesirable side effects such as the following.

Trouble urinating
Weight gain
Constipation
Blurred vision
Drowsiness

It is also possible for you to experience certain rare, but severe side effects such as:

Easy bruising
Shaking
Persistent heartburn
Severe stomach pain
Fainting
Seizures

If any of these side effects persist, contact a health care provider as soon as possible.

Precaution

It is important for you to adhere to the following side effects to avoid the risk of possible side effects.

When rising from a lying or sitting position, get up slowly to avoid dizziness.
If you are experiencing dry mouth chew gum and drink plenty of water.
To prevent constipation, follow a proper fiber diet.
Inform your doctor if you are allergic to any of the ingredients used in amitriptyline.
Do not engage in any activity that requires constant alertness since this medication can make you drowsy.
Avoid prolonged sun exposure and tanning booths since this drug makes you more sensitive to the sun.

Self-care

During the period of pregnancy, amitriptyline must only be used when it is needed.

Although this medication can be passed on through breast milk, its effect on infants remains unknown. Regardless, it is best to avoid nursing during the course of the treatment.

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