Allopurinol
DESCRIPTION

Allopurinol is a medication prescribed for gouts and specific kinds of kidney stones. The medication is also known as Zyloprim.

How it works

Gouts and kidney stones are caused due to increased levels of uric acid. This medication works by decreasing the amount of uric acid made by the body.

Uses

Allopurinol is mainly prescribed for gouts and kidney stones. It is also used to prevent the increment of uric acid among patients who receive chemotherapy.

Dosage

This medication is only taken once a day, on a daily basis. It is recommended to take this drug with meals to avoid the occurrence of upset stomach. If you are taking more than 300mg of allopurinol per day, then you need to break your dosage into smaller doses.

You need to drink a full glass of water when consuming this medication while drinking 8 glasses of water per day. Unless your physician asks you to decrease your water intake for specific medical reasons, make sure to drink plenty of water during the course of the treatment.

Your dosage will be determined by your healthcare provider according to your health condition and response to the medication. In order to experience the full benefits of this medication, you need to take this drug as regularly as possible. Do not accidently skip or miss your doses. Taking the medication at the same time every day will help you to remember.

When using this medication to treat gout attacks, it can take several weeks for this medication to work. During this time period, follow your prescription closely.

Side effects

Consuming this medication can lead to unpleasant side effects such as diarrhea, drowsiness, nausea and upset stomach. Even though these conditions do not persist for long, it is important to get medical help if they get worse with time.

During the treatment period, you are likely to experience some serious side effects such as the following too:

Unusual tiredness
Signs of kidney problems
Stomach pain
Persistent vomiting
Unusual weight loss
Dark urine
Vision changes

At the event of such side effects, you need to get immediate medical attention.

Precautions

Make sure to adhere to the following precautionary instructions throughout the treatment period.

Before consuming this medication, make sure that you are not allergic to any of its ingredients.
Do not drive or operate machinery as this drug can make you drowsy.
Consuming alcohol can affect the effectiveness of this medication. So, reduce alcohol consumption.
Brief your pharmacist about all the medications that you are currently taking. This includes prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs and herbal supplements.
Be careful when giving this medication to older adults as they might be more vulnerable to specific side effects.
Do not make any changes to the dosage or dose schedule without consulting your physician.

Self-care

During the time of pregnancy, it is possible for you to continue the treatment. However, at this time, allopurinol must only be consumed when it is absolutely essential.

Since this medication can be passed onto infants via breast milk, it is not entirely safe to nurse your baby during the treatment period.

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