Duphalac
DESCRIPTION

Duphalac is a general brand for lactulose, which is a synthetic sugar that contains lactose. It is also known as a non-digestible oligosaccharide. The medication comes in the form of a colorless or brownish yellow oral solution, which may be unflavored or flavored with plum aroma. It also comes in white, crystalline powder form for oral administration.

How It Works

Duphalac works by reaching the colon unchanged. With the interaction of specific bacteria, the main ingredient lactulose is broken down into products that pull water out from the body and directs it into the colon. This makes the stool softer and easier to be expelled from the body.

Lactulose cannot be degraded by animal/human enzymes as it does not occur naturally. For that reason, it does not get absorbed by your body.

Uses

The purpose of Duphalac is to soften stools, and is commonly used to treat those who has constipation.
It can also be used to regulate the physiological rhythm in the colon or where a soft stool is considered as a medical benefit in cases like hemorrhoids and post-colonic/anal surgery.

Dosage

Duphalac is an oral medication, which can be taken in a diluted or undiluted liquid form. Generally, your doctor would prescribe it to be taken once a day if you have constipation; directions may vary if you were to take it for the purpose of having soft stool as a medical benefit. Try to take this dose at the same time every day. A single dose of Duphalac should only be taken in one swallow; never keep it in the mouth for a long period of time. Always take the medication only as directed from your doctor and never double dose, change the dosage, or the dose frequency. Make sure to drink plenty of water, around eight glasses, during the course of treatment.

In the event that you have been prescribed the oral powder, then take the prescribed dosage from a spoon or tip it directly onto your tongue. Then wash it down with water. The crystals can also be sprinkled over your food, or mixed into the water while stirring.

Side Effects

When you start taking Duphalac, you may experience flatulence that can disappear after a few days. However, if you get diarrhea, gas, or nausea that does not seem to go away or becomes severe, please call your doctor. Immediate medical attention will be required if you start experiencing stomach pains or cramps, or start vomiting. You should also stop taking the medication until you get more information.

Precautions

Always make sure to advise your doctor or pharmacist the following before taking Duphalac:

If you are lactose intolerant.
If you are allergic to lactulose or any other type of medication.
If you are currently under medication, whether prescribed or bought over the counter. Please take special note of antacids, antibiotics, and other laxatives.
If you have diabetes.
If you are or plan to be pregnant, or breastfeeding. If you conceive while taking the medication, consult your doctor.
If you are scheduled for a surgery or test on your colon or rectum, advise the doctor-in-charge that you are taking Duphalac.

Self-Care

If you are having trouble taking the medication, try mixing the dose with half glass of water, milk, or even fruit juice. If you know anyone experiencing constipation, do not attempt to give them the medicine without consulting a doctor. Try to take a record of all your doctor appointments and the medications you are taking for future reference or emergency.

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