Indinavir
DESCRIPTION

Indinavir is an antiviral used in the treatment of HIV/AIDS. Indinavir is not a cure for HIV.

How it works

Indinavir is a protease inhibitor. It can decrease the amount of HIV present in the blood. This action may reduce a person’s chance of developing AIDS. Indinavir does not cure HIV. It only reduces an infected individuals risk for contracting HIV-related diseases. Taking Indinavir does not prevent sexual transmission of HIV either. You still need to practice safe sex when taking this medication.

Uses

Indinavir is prescribed for people infected with HIV. Indinavir may be a part of a combination therapy to treat HIV. Your doctor may prescribe Indinavir for another disease that requires a protease inhibitor.

Dosage

Take Indinavir exactly as prescribed by your physician.

Indinavir is typically prescribed to be taken three times a day, or doses separated by 8 hours. To remember your dosage schedule, take this medication the same time each day.

Read the patient information leaflet provided with the packing before taking this drug.

You should take Indinavir before consuming meal, either an hour before a meal or 2 hours after a meal. Take your capsule with some water, nonfat or skim milk, coffee, tea or juice. This medication can cause an upset stomach. If it is too severe, you can take Indinavir with a very light meal like toast or cereal with skin milk. Ask your doctor which foods you can or cannot take with Indinavir.

You should follow your dosage schedule as prescribed. Do not stop taking the drug even if you feel well.

Side effects

Indinavir may cause one or more of the following side effects:

Nausea
Excessive tiredness
Loss of appetite
Pain in the upper right part of your stomach
Unusual bleeding or bruising
Flu-like symptoms
Dark yellow or brown urine
Yellowing of the skin or eyes
Shortness of breath
Fast heartbeat
Confusion
Dizziness
Headache
Paleness

Tell your doctor immediately if any of the above side effects become unbearably severe.

Indinavir may cause change in sense of taste as a side effect. You must report to your doctor if this side effect persists and does not go away.

Precautions

Do not take Indinavir if you are allergic to any of the active or inactive ingredients in the drug.

Some medications—like alprazolam (Xanax), alfuzosin (Uroxatral), lovastatin and sildenafil, among others—may negatively counteract with Indinavir.

You must disclose all prescription and nonprescription medications or supplements you are taking to your prescribing physician before taking Indinavir. Certain herbal products like St. John’s wort can be harmful to take with Indinavir as well.

If you are taking didanosine (Videx) at the same time, take that medication one hour before or after your Indinavir dose.

Self-care

Indinavir does not prevent the spread of HIV. You must practice safe sex when taking this medication.

You must drink at least 1.5 liters (about six of 8-ounce glasses) of water or juice each day when taking this medication.

Eating or drinking grapefruit containing foods or beverages may not be safe when taking Indinavir. Ask your doctor if you should eat grapefruit when taking Indinavir.

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