Soma
DESCRIPTION

Soma is a prescription drug that is mainly a muscle relaxer, which blocks pain sensations and acts as a pain relief. Carisoprodol is present as a racemic mixture.

Soma is commonly used to treat painful musculoskeletal conditions.

How it works

Soma is a compound of carisoprodol with codeine and aspirin. The main role of carisprodol is being a skeletal muscle relaxant. It modulates neurotransmitter activities in the spinal cord, as a result blocks the pain sensations between the brain and nerves. There are several ingredients in Soma including magnesium stearate, potassium sorbate and starch.

Carisoprodol is a barbiturate, which is a sleep inducing drug. Soma is also a narcotic muscle relaxer.

Uses

Soma is administered to treat muscle pain, and it being a narcotic, it helps by causing the muscles to become less stiff, in turn reducing pain and discomfort.

Dosage

This medication is to be taken orally, either with or without food as asked by your doctor, usually 4 times a day. The medication is based entirely on an individual’s condition and the response to treatment. This medication is to be used for short term and you’re not supposed to increase the dose unless advised by your doctor.

The recommended carisoprodol tablets; USP is 250mg to 350 mg, before bedtime, three times a day. The maximum duration of administering this medication is up to two or three weeks.

One might experience withdrawal reactions if it has been used for a long period of time. Once an individual experiences these symptoms, they should immediately stop the use of the medication. Your doctor will decrease the dosage gradually to reduce withdrawal symptoms.

Side effects

Common side effects of soma are listed below:

Drowsiness
Blurred vision
Sedation
Agitation
Upset stomach
Hiccups
Nausea

Some of the major side effects and overdose are:

Chest pains
Black stools
Loss of bladder control
Muscle spasms
Swollen glands
Dilated and enlarged pupils
Trouble breathing
Unusual restlessness
Bleeding and bruising

Precautions

Before taking this medication, make sure you inform your doctor if you’re allergic to any of the following:

Carisoprodol
Meprobamate
Tybamate
Mebutamate

If you have any of the following conditions or a history of the following, make sure your doctor knows;

Liver disease
Kidney disease
Blood disorders (such as porphyria)
Seizure
History of alcohol or drug abuse

This drug may make you drowsy or dizzy, so try and avoid driving right after taking it. Do not do any activity that might require alertness.

Soma is habit forming and therefore only the required dosage should be taken. Before having any type of surgery, fill your doctor in on the medication you are on.

If you wish to make any alterations to the dosage or dose schedule, consult your physician first.

Self-care

Animal studies have shown adverse effects of carisoprodol on the fetuses. However, the significance of these results on human fertility is unknown. It is not recommended during the first three months of pregnancy. If carisoprodol is needed by a feeding mother, there is no need to discontinue use. Slight sedation has been noted in a newborn infant who was exposed during pregnancy and lactation. Therefore, other medication is preferred.

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